William Shakespeare

Shakespeare was born on 23 April and was baptized 26 of April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. He lived with his mother who was from a landlord family and father John who was a business man and owned properties and held the office from time to time in the city.

This house is believed to be Shakespeare´s birthplace

He is regarded as the greatest writer in the English language, he was also a poet, playwright and an actor. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". He made 38 plays, 154 sonnets and two long poems. All of his plays have been translated into every major language in the world. When he turned 18 he married Anne Hathaway with whom he had three children (Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith.) His career started sometime around 1585 to 1592. Then he began his career in London as an actor, writer and part-owner of a playing company called Lord Chamberlain´s Men. Between 1589 and 1613 he made the most of his work. . During the 20th and 21st century his plays have been replayed many times. He passed away on 23 April 1616 and now he rests in The Church of the Holy Trinity, Stratford-upon-Avon. The reason for his death is unknow.

The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VI, which are historical dramas. They were written in the 1590s.

Shakespeare's works are divided into three different categories; tragedy, comedy and history. The first plays were mostly comedy and histories His most famous plays that he made is Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, Otthello and Macbeth. Later research has wanted to add more genres like romances. His dramas were posted seven years after his death by his friends from the theatre. These are called "First Folio" Before that there were 18 dramas published but they were looked at as worse than the other things that he has done.

Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet was one of his most played playsduring his lifetime along with Hamlet. Romeo and Juliet belongs to a tradition of tragic romances stretching back to the antique. The plot is based on an Italian tale translated into verse as The Tragical History of Romeus andJuliet .

The tragedy is about a young couple in love from two different noble families. The play is set in Verona in Italy. He made 154 sonnets gathered in a collection. They were published 1609 but according to common knowledge they were made sometime during the 1592's. Before the sonnets he had probably written chronicle plays and comedies After the sonnets his plays were more serious.

Preserved documents from theatres and other archival material have shown that Shakespeare have written at least two other dramas which have been lost; Cardenioi and Love's Lubour's Won.

In the latest century there has been a lot of questions if he wrote his work himself, this has divided the community into two groups. One group says that he did write them himself and the other group say that he didn't do it himself. That Shakespeare was an actor when he published his work is known for sure. A few arguments for that he was not an author is that there were no manuscripts with his handwriting and that he didn't mention anything about his plays in his testament. And the biggest on is that there are three signatures with his handwriting on it and that he had an sloppy writing style and that it seemed like he barely could spell his own name. According to Brenda James they have reason to believe that his cousin Sir Henry Neville was the one that wrote the plays. There are no signs that Shakespeare was questioned if he wrote the plays during his life time, first 200 years later the questions started coming up.

It took a long time before Shakespeare's plays came to Sweden,, the first play came to Sweden 5 august 1776 and that was Romeo and Julia. The translation was most probably made by Peter Lindahl. A few years later 24 January 1787 Shakespeare was played on Gustav III birthday, Andreas Widerberg then put up a play of Hamlet and played the leading role himself. It is also thought that Andreas did the translation himself because he did a lot of translation at that time.